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Harvested Aloe Vera Gel To Clone

You can use Aloe Vera gel from harvested Aloe branches to clone with. All you do is break off a leaf and squeeze out the Aloe juice, collect it inside a jar or container and dip your cut clones inside of the gel, then place them about 1/2 inch inside of soil or Grodan Cubes allow 1-2 weeks to root. Please keep your cloning tools like your scalpel sanitized to make sure your clones stay healthy and not get moldy like Botrytis cinerea which is a fungus that can get inside your clone if your not sanitary. You can take a flame to your cutting tool first before using it to clone with cut the stem at a 45 degree angle and have at least 3 nodes (brackets in between the sets of leaves) above the cut. I also have another post on cloning if you need more instructions. Have fun cloning your Cannabis plants.

Aloe Vera Plant
Grodan Cube

Cutting Electricity Costs

When growing indoors electricity use can become a set back. Lights, Fans, Air conditioner, and Dehumidifiers can all cost a bit to run, its best to pick efficient lighting which also puts out the lowest heat. I use Cob LED’s and I get really great results from them. There is two full spectrum Cob’s. Each Cob is 192 watts, there is two Cobs so roughly 384 watts total for the light I use.    The Cob LED will get me bigger yields, put out virtually no heat and produce quality Cannabis. High Pressure Sodium (HPS) lights produce much more heat requiring you to run more fans and maybe even use Air Conditioning which cost a lot to run monthly. The Cob LED will usually have a Heat Sink behind it with a fan or just a big Heat Sink, the Cob is also run by a driver.

Heatsink
50 watt Led grow chip with a 50 watt driver DIY kit.

So over all Cob LED’s are the way  to go. They will save you money and still give great results. I also have a low wattage 150 watt High Pressure Sodium lamp running along side of one of these about a foot away and it seems fine. After my HPS is at the end of its life I plan on switching to all Cob LED’s.

Dual Cob Grow Light
Dual Cob Grow Light

 

 

Organic Pest Control

Pesticides may be in some of the Cannabis we smoke. I currently don’t use pesticides in my garden unless I need to and I try to only use Organic types. There are some organic ways to keep pests out of the garden area and our plants.


First is Neem oil used in Cannabis growing good for most pests and mold. Directions for use should be on the product label. This tends to stick around in the plant for a bit so I recommend to not use for 1 month up until harvest. Should be used every three days, that is when bugs lay their eggs every 3 days.


Mild Organic non degreeser type Soap is also another useful pest control. Put about 1/4 – 1 tablespoon into a spray bottle liter of water spray the undersides of plants.


Coffee grinds around your garden if its outside will keep ants away. I once had a Greenhouse I built using a wooden frame and clear thick plastic that you can get from a hardware store, I stapled the clear plastic to the outside. The floor was a pallet type base with planks across the top with spaces for drain holes. The plant containers sat on top of this and I also mounted fans and lights in the top of the Greenhouse and because the area only got 5-6 hour of light a day the lights came on around noon to provide extra light. Even though I had this set up three floors up outside on the balcony, ants somehow still got inside the plants and decided to lay eggs. Well I used coffee grinds around the area and they eventually went away.


AzaMax  (Azadirachtin) contains 1.2% is another product I use for mites and most pests. It controls pests through starvation and growth disruption.

Foliar: Mix 1 to 2 oz. per gallon of water depending on pest levels. Spray at an interval of 7-10 days or as the situation warrants.

Soil Drench: Mix 1/2 to 1 oz. per gallon of water and apply every 10-14 days. With high insect pressure, make applications every 5-6 days.


 

Breeding

I think its good to try and do this to see what the end result is and for you to learn its also fun to make your own strain. I have crossed many plants to get seeds mostly just experimenting sometimes by accident, sometimes a female plant would grow a pollen sac and pollinate my other female plants, or a male would throw pollen before I could pull it out.

  • So first you should already know what a female plant and male plant look like, the females with have the Pistil (hairs) and the male will have the pollen sack or flower. If you ever notice that you have a male its best to pull it out of the garden far away from the female plants. Pollen travels far and if your plants aren’t separated the females will become pollinated and will be using most of their energy to grow seeds instead of making buds and resins.
  • Once you separate them get a thin garbage bag the type that will cover the entire plant this is how I do it so you can just pollinate one branch or if you have a tent stick out a branch and seal the tent around that branch to prevent the pollen from spreading to other parts of the plant.
  • Take the male plants pollen by shaking off the plants pollen sack you can collect it on paper or with a small bag. Then pollinate that branch with the pollen you collected from the male allow the excess pollen to be fully shaken off the branch you pollinated before opening the bag or tent and putting the female plant back in the tent. Make sure that the pollen isn’t going to be around the other plants that you don’t want to have seeds. Pollen can last in the refrigerator for about three months. You can collect the pollen and then destroy the male plant.

It will take approximately three weeks for the female to finish making the seeds from the time you pollinate her. The reason why I only pollinate one branch is because it should have plenty of pistils on that one branch to get you a nice amount of seeds. You should also know that a plant can have both female and male pollen sacks there and are called hermaphrodite plants and should not be used to pollinate the other females because they are both chromosomes X (female) & Y (male) it will most likely reproduce the same in the next generation. But if your female plant spits out a male pollen sack say one or two, this is usually from a disruption in the light period meaning there is a leak and light comes into your grow area during the dark periods. So what happens is it causes a hormonal imbalance and will make the females produce male pollen sacks. Since the plant is mostly female the pollen it produces will make feminized seeds if breed with a all female plant. So keep that in mind if you are looking to make all feminized seeds.

This is my methods and I hope you enjoyed reading. Thank you

Cropping & LST

When growing in smaller areas like tents, its a good choice to crop or train your plant with LST to grow its maximum in the small space. Also if you want to max the yield getting more buds instead of a main branch.

I’m going to explain a easy way to do this now you want to wait at least till they are 6″ – 8″ in height is when I usually crop them. Your going to pinch off the grow tip just the top leaves that are growing out. In a few days it will regenerate and two new shoots will emerge. Do this again after they grow out some, soon you will have a branched out plant.

Once you have all the branches grown out you can train it to fill up and net by attaching the net (Trellis) https://www.hydrofarm.com/p/BCPSH16  https://www.hydrofarm.com/p/HGN15  https://www.hydrofarm.com/p/LHN010 to your tent poles a easy way is to use plastic zip ties. Once you have the net in place carefully push the branches through the holes in the net to fill up all the space. This will allow maximum light to reach all the buds on your branched out plants

You can also use garden ties https://www.hydrofarm.com/p/HGST to train your branches to spread out the way you’d like simply secure the wire around the main branch twist it around and up the branch and shape it the way you want it to go. If you need the branch to be pushed down use fish line and fishing weights and attach that to the branches to weight them down be careful to not break the branches although Cannabis stems are fairly strong, they may break if too much pressure is applied. I also sometimes use plastic zip ties to support the branches and spread them out so all are receiving a good amount of light.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thank you for reading and enjoy your gardening!

PH, TDS and EC in Cannabis Growing

PH

When Growing any plant PH is a important factor. The PH scale starts at 0 (acidic) to 14 (alkaline) Cannabis requires when growing in soil 6.5 PH and when growing Hydroponic it should be 5.5-5.9 having a accurate PH helps the plant uptake the nutrients it needs if the PH is not correct it locks out nutrients. I use the liquid General Hydroponics PH up and down and a Digital PH meter to test the PH before adding water or nutrient solution to the soil or reservoir, gradually use one drop per gallon as it is very concentrated and needs a tiny amount to move the PH. You an also buy PH up and down in the powder form. You should also weekly test the run off (draining water) from the plant pots to make sure its 6.5 If not adjust it correctly.

TDS and EC

TDSxcf

TDS is the total dissolved solids in your nutrient solution its measured PPM – parts per million. EC is the Electrical Conductivity that the PPM meter reads, always test the nutrient solution before adding it to plants newly sprouted seeds need a lower PPM around 100. As it starts growing in vegetative I raise the levels it can go up to about 700 depending on how big the plant is. In the later flowering stages its much higher around 800-1500 PPM depending on how far along the flowering stage is. Each week raise it little by little and every 2-3 weeks flush out the soil with a flush solution to rinse out nutrient build up also flush out before the flowering stage. In flowering 1200 PPM is ideal in the later stages each strain is different. Its best to use Reverse Osmosis water for Cannabis growing because the level is at 0 or is low so it leaves room to add the nutrients so the plants don’t get too much salts built up. In the flush out stages it shouldn’t go over 100 PPM in the water your using to Flush.

If you have any questions feel free to ask Thank you for reading.