Making Cannabis Butter

So I’ve had a lot of people asking how I make my Cannabis butter. What I would do is either use a double broiler or a Crock pot. Never go above 180 degrees Fahrenheit, because you will burn off the THC and degrade it. Set your dried and cured Cannabis inside a grinder, lightly grind it and place it inside the crock pot you will want to do about 4-7 grams of Cannabis per pound of butter.     (You can also decarb your Cannabis that you ground up, I don’t always do this step but its 240 degrees oven for about 60 minutes in a Pyrex dish.)

First melt the butter on low setting on the Crock pot let it cool to 170 degrees and add your cannabis stir it in, let it sit for 15-20 minutes then stir again every 15-20 minutes. Do this for about 2 hours or more if you prefer. Take a coffee filter or cheesecloth and strain as much of the butter from the Cannabis as you can by squeezing it out.  Place the Cannabis butter inside a old butter container or a mold or even a bowl works. The Cannabis Butter should be a light green color once its all completed. You can use it in any recipe. You can also mix it with regular butter so its not so strong in your edibles. Hope you enjoy this and have fun making Cannabis butter!

Reasons Why I Have My Medical Cannabis Card

Aloha, So I have a few people ask me why I have my medical Cannabis card and one reason is because in 2005 I had a full Patella (knee) reconstruction and if I stand for a prolonged amount of time or use my knee too much it can become pretty painful so I smoke to relief some of that pain and swelling.

Another reason is because in 1999 I had a Traumatic brain injury (TBI) I made a full recovery but the doctor told me there is a slim chance I could have a seizure I only had one since then, what I thought was one in 2010. So I also use it to prevent those just in case. I think cannabis helps with my stress also and if I cannot sleep I smoke sometimes. That is pretty much it, I mainly smoke it for the knee pain.

These are some qualifying conditions to be able to get your Cannabis Medical 329 card in Hawaii.

  • Cancer,Glaucoma,HIV/AIDS or the treatment of these conditions;
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis;
  • Epilepsy;
  • Crohn’s disease;
  • Lupus;
  • Multiple Sclerosis;
  • Chronic Pain;
  • A chronic or debilitating disease or medical condition or its treatment that produces one or more of the following:
    • Cachexia or wasting syndrome;
    • Severe pain;
    • Severe nausea;
    • Seizures, including those characteristic of epilepsy; or
    • Severe and persistent muscle spasms, including those characteristic of multiple sclerosis or Crohn’s disease; or
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), effective July 2015.

Thank you for Reading. Aloha

 

Organics & Composting

I have used mostly Organic nutrients on my garden. Nitrogen Bat Guano is one and some other flowering ones like Bone Meal and phosphorous Bat Guano. You can make a tea with the Bat Guano by putting 1 cup of Guano in a cloth bag like a old pillow case and placing it inside a 5 gallon bucket of distilled water. Shake the bag around every so often add a air pump and connect it to a air stone, and put it inside the bucket keep it in the water for 1-2 days. It will be a dark tea. Use this 1 Cup to a gallon and then water your plants with it. You can also use less diluted amounts on larger plants. Wear garden gloves or latex ones when working with this solution and squeezing out the bag.

When using Bone meal I just mix it on top of the soil 1 teaspoon per plant. be careful to not use too much it can burn the plants. I have only used it in flowering, But it helps.

Some other Soil amendments you can add are Dolomite lime it adds calcium and magnesium to the soil and helps break down the soil while lowering pH. Add a few pinches to the tops of your soil and mix it into the soil.

Compost Bin

You can make a Compost Bin or buy one from a garden shop or online. You will need composting worms and a way to stir or aerate the Compost soil. It takes 6 months – 1 year for Compost to form.  Using compost worms makes the process go faster and helps break down the usable material in your bin. its important to cover the bin up to leave mold and water out. Keep the Bin pretty full. You can wet the mixture but don’t add too much, stir it carefully around and then recover the Compost pile or bin. Keep it moist so your worms don’t die  also so it allows better circulation. It is best to use hot water as well 70-90 degrees Fahrenheit.

Add Veggies, Straw,Grass, Egg shells, Banana peels, Fruits, leaves, and Newspaper don’t add meats or dairy though if you add your table scraps because of the smell. So everything on top of the soil all the compost materials. The worms will eat these materials and make them into food (Compost) for your plants. After you get Compost under your worms you can simply collect it and gradually add it to the tops of your plants, or make a tea with it first to break it down some and dilute it.

Compost Bin

The worms will also reproduce and provide you with more to help the process. Its also important if you store Compost to keep it in a airtight bag away from pets and children. Its also not good to breathe it in so make sure its not out in the open.

 

Drying & Curing

Preparing the plant for harvest

Because Nutrients and other residues are left inside the growing medium, Always flush out your plants well before harvesting at least for the last 2 weeks. This can be done by using a flushing agent. I used Bushdoctor flush from Foxfarm or flushing them with plain water.

Drying

Drying should always be done in a airy circulated, dark and dry area. It takes about seven days for a bud to dry and be ready to transfer to a jar, or paper bag to cure.  First you want to trim your plant of the larger leaves, then trim the buds, the leaves that stick out this could take some time. Use scissors or trimming tool to trim them. I would also use latex gloves to trim the buds so your hands don’t get full of resins the plant material will stick to your hands. After trimming the buds, I then place the trimmed buds inside a dry net. Cut them so they fit and are not stacked on top of each other. Use fans to circulate the drying area and turn the buds every so often. It is important to use fans and protect your buds from mold, mildew and dust. You can also hang the buds up in a row on a line and allow them to dry. The ideal temperature should be 65-75 degrees ☼ and the humidity should be 45-55 percent % in a dark area. Drying time 6-10 days after they are dry start the curing process.

It is important that you dry them in a dark or very dimly lit area, any lights can degrade the THC in the buds. I have seen people make boxes out of cardboard and put a rope or twine inside and hang the buds on that while running fans under to keep them well circulated. It takes about 6-10 days to dry the buds and the stems will snap when you bend them that is how you know the buds are well dried.  Don’t use microwaves, heaters or ovens to dry your buds this will ruin and degrade your buds best way is to dry slowly. Any temperature over 180 degrees will degrade the quality.

Curing your dried Cannabis

The curing process takes about a month or longer. When curing you can put them in mason jars every few hours open and shake the buds and close the jar it will take about a month to fully cure the buds. You can also put them in paper bags. Open every day and shake the buds around to prevent mold this is really important even after you have dried them they could still have some moisture. 1-3 months is recommended for the cure, although you can smoke them right after they are dried its much stronger and better after the cure. This all is a lot of work and patience but the end result is well worth the wait. Enjoy!

Spider Mites

Spider Mites are a common problem when growing Cannabis it usually occurs with outdoor grows more then indoor. It will look like little spots on top white or yellow and the mites hide underneath the leaves, so you will have to look out for that. They can be seen with a Jewelers loop or Magnifying glass. You can use a few different products on the Spider Mites or also make a spray with a mild soap the kind without a degreaser about 2 teaspoons per 1 liter spray bottle and spray that on the entire plant. I use Neem Oil on mine and spray the undersides of the leaves ever 3 days because the bugs will lay eggs every 3 days. So spray with either of those every 3 days. You can get Neem oil its inexpensive from a garden shop or order it on Ebay or Amazon. It is a organic product but I wouldn’t use it in flowering stages and if you need to don’t use it for a month up until harvest time. So if you spray it, allow it to flush out for a month before harvesting and I’d also cover up the Soil with plastic baggies while spraying so it doesn’t soak up the soil too much. Neem Oil will work for a number of pests. They also have Mite washes you can get for them. This should solve the Spider mite issue Since I was asked about this a few times. Thank you for reading and Happy Growing!

How To Make Plants Purple Faster

I have grown a few purple strains before not all will come out purple but there is some things you can try to make them go purple. In the last month of flowering they will start to purple, to rush this along you could put your air conditioner on under 69 degrees make it cold in the grow space and also make the water cold. There is also nutrients you can get to enhance the color its Purple Maxx Snow Storm from Humboldt County Nutrients. I haven’t tried the nutrients yet but I’ve seen them get good reviews.

2013 Grow  Joint Doctor –  Purple Ryder

 

CBD In Cannabis For Pain

I recently got a ipuff CBD pen which you can purchase here https://www.ipuffvape.com/

I really like the product its easy to carry with you and comes in a sturdy tin. It is 250 mg of uncut pure CBD they also have 500mg cartridges you can get.. It worked for my knee pains and also relaxed me. After I puffed on the Vapor Pen I felt relaxed all over and didn’t notice the pain as much took about 5-10 puffs. It takes a bit for it to heat up inside the cartilage. Shows 26.23% CBD it says on the side label.  As you may of heard Jorge Cervantes recently came out with a 99% CBD isolate, that product I also want to try. Just thought I’d share that with you all.

I feel that CBD is a great thing to use for pain and anxiety, I feel its helped a great deal. I like that there is a few different ways to use it rub on a cream, put on a patch, or smoke it.  I found that the creams are great for my knee injury and swelling. When I smoke the CBD concentrate oil, I found it calms me almost instantly! It is great for stress and anxiety. I highly recommend people to try it.

Cloning

Cloning is great to do if you want to preserve a certain female strain or if your short on seeds. Before you clone always use sterile tools and a sterile cloning tray to hold the clones. Wash everything and the area the clones will be rooting in. Cloning is prone to fungus, mold and pests so pick a strain that is resistant to those issues. As you know only clone female plants because they are the ones that flower. Cloning will also save you a few weeks time because once they root they will already be at a good height.

Tools you will need:

  • Sterile Razor blade (flamed)
  • Rockwool Starter Cubes
  • Cloning Gel
  • Powder fungicide (RoottoneF)
  • Clone tray and clear dome
  • Mist Bottle

First you want to make sure the female plant you pick to clone has been growing for awhile so it will easily regenerate for you. I usually don’t clone a plant till its been in vegetative for at least 30-50 days. You will want to soak your Rockwool Cubes in a 5.5 reverse osmosis water.  Pick a branch with a few nodes (The part of a plant stem from which one or more leaves emerge, often forming a slight swelling or knob.) and using a clean sterilized blade cut the branch at a 45 degree angle and trim the top leaves the tips and pull off bottom leaves. Put the clone in distilled water with a light nutrients mix, then cut again a small amount off the bottom where you made the cut while its in the water solution. Dip the clone in cloning gel and push into a Rockwool cube until the stem is in about 1/2 inch. Spray the clone dome inside and put Clones inside the Clone Tray. Cover with the dome and keep the humidity at 70-80% and the temperature at 75-80 degrees you can keep track of the humidity with a Digital Hygrometer. Dust the base of them with some Roottonef and keep them under a medium light for 24 hours. Spray only inside the dome every few hours and allow the clones to air out for a minute or two then put the dome cover back on. Some types will root quicker while others take longer just depends on the strain. Roots should appear in about 2 weeks. Allow the Mother plant that you cloned from to regenerate for at least 2 months before cloning again and keep in 18-24 hours light.

You can also use a Aeroponic Clone Machine and push the clones you cut in so the stem will get aeration and nutrients I never done it this way but it may be easier if you have a large number of clones. They sell the machines at hydroponic shops or ebay.

 

 

 

Nutrients & Deficiencies

In a previous blog post I wrote about feeding Cannabis, sometimes even when you follow directions problems may arise with yours plants. This allows you to spot the issue and fix it.

A usual issue is yellowing of the leaves occurs in lower leaves this is a Nitrogen deficiency. They will turn soft, curl in or crinkle and eventually turn brown. When the plant doesn’t get enough nitrogen it will pull it from the lower leaves, causing them to yellow and die. It should only be the lower leaves if its the upper new growth that’s normal.

Nitrogen moves through out the plant as needed, when it is low leaves use it up in other parts of the plant that require it the most like new growth. The plant will push the nitrogen to these parts to help them with photosynthesis and keeping it green. It is normal for the plant to start yellowing in late flowering cycle. If it yellows in vegetative then you have a issue.

Solution: Feed the plant with a good nitrogen nutrient and adjust pH.  I recommend any complete nutrient should help. I use General Organics or Bat Guano for soil and for hydroponic I use General Hydroponics FloraGro or Advanced Nutrients pH Perfect. Also be sure to not over feed with Nitrogen because you will get toxicity and that shows when the leaves are very dark.


Issue: Edges appear brown or burnt, Pale, Brown spots, yellow spots, Dark or purple leaves, slow growth.

 

This is a Boron deficiency usually occurs in a dry environment or under watered. First sign will be thick grow tip or growth twisting or abnormal. yellow or brown spots will show and root growth will be slow.

Solution: Use a balanced nutrient and make sure your feeding regularly and that its not too dry in the growing room. Make sure your pH is adjusted correctly since Boron is used by the plant at a lower pH so when it rises the Boron isn’t available to the plant. Use a Hygrometer to test the humidity in the air if its too dry you may get a Boron deficiency.


Issue: Spotting/ mottling, dead spots, crinkling, stunned growth, curled tips, small or poorly formed new leaves, leaf die off, weak stems, weak or unhealthy roots.

This is a Calcium deficiency will show up in parts of the fan leaves that have been exposed to light or the newer growth.

Solution: Make sure your pH is correct after the calcium issue is corrected the damaged leaves will not return to normal but the new growth will show the correction. Cannabis plants usually can handle a high calcium add General organics Cal-Mg or Botanicare Cal-Mag Plus. You can also use Dolomite Lime it can be mixed into your soil add 6-7 teaspoons to one gallon of soil. You can also add crushed egg shells for another organic alternative.


Issue: Tips of leaves turn bright yellow or white, leaves turn dark with blue or yellow undertones, shiny or metallic sheen on leaves, Buds don’t ripen or mature very slowly, leaves feel stiff and bent under, wilting or drooping.

This is a Copper deficiency its usually from a pH issue so make sure that is correct and use the right nutrients and is also when the grower uses RO (Reverse Osmosis) water because that filtering process strips out some Copper. It also will happen if a plant is being over watered.

Solution: Don’t over water your plant and make sure the pH is at the right level. Use quality soil and nutrients made for Cannabis.


Issue: Newest leaves turn completely yellow and white. Usually shows in the center and outward on the leaves. Pale colored leaves, Slow growth, Buds not maturing.

This is usually a Iron Deficiency a solution:  Make sure your pH is correct feed with a nutrient containing iron, calcium, and magnesium.


Issue: Light green or yellow will show on the veins or edges of the leaves they may also be crisp to the touch. It usually appears on the lower part of the plant because the plant will pull Magnesium from the lower leaves.

This is Magnesium Deficiency and a solution: It can be treated by feeding a Magnesium supplement like Cal- Mg as mentioned above. Also again keeping the pH in check is a big importance.


Issue: Leaves turn yellow between vein areas and have brown mottled spots. The brown spots eventually spread and kill the leaf they may also shred and crumble apart. The yellowing will begin at the base of the leaf and move outward, overall plant growth is slow.

This is a Manganese deficiency  and a solution is to flush out the medium using pH’d water and a light nutrient that contains Manganese will correct this.


Issue: Pale and yellow leaves, brown an dark spots, Pink coloring and yellow, red around edges of leaves.

This is rare but it is molybdenum deficiency and a solution is to completely flush the plant and then add a nutrient that includes molybdenum and make sure the pH is set.


Issue: Edges appear brown on tips or dark leaves, dark patches on leaves, leaves will turn under and crack off.

This is Nutrient Burn and a solution is to completely flush the medium out with pH’d water use a flushing solution like Foxfarm sledgehammer Bushdoctor or flush with plain water.


Issue: Yellowing appears starting at tips of leaves and works inward then leaves will turn grey or brown and die off. They will also curl down and the stems will turn bright red or purplish.

This is Phosphorus deficiency a solution is to feed with a high phosphorus nutrient and adjust the pH Phosphorus is best absorbed by cannabis in soil at a root pH of 6.2 – 7.0. Phosphorus is best absorbed by cannabis in hydro at a root pH of 5.5 – 6.2. too wet or compact soil can trigger Phosphorus deficiency. Too low temperatures under 60 degrees Fahrenheit can also trigger it. Good sources of Phosphorus are: Bat Guano, Bone or Blood meal, Worm Castings or Worm tea, Fish meal, Bloom or Flowering nutrients. Make sure you make the Bat Guano and Bone/Blood Meal into a tea before applying it to the plant.


Issue: Leaves appear burnt or brown on edges and show yellowing or paleness, veins of leaves stay green, Brown or dark spots, Lower leaves affected.

This is a Potassium Deficiency a solution is again to flush the medium and feed with a potassium nutrient. Its also due to stressful conditions like heat, over watering, transplanting. Make sure the pH is correct when feeding and watering to assure proper uptake of nutrients.


Issue: Pale colored leaves, yellow leaves in new and old growth, yellowing between veins, red or pink color on stems, Buds not maturing properly.

This is Sulfur Deficiency and a solution is to check your pH to make sure sulfur isn’t being locked out.


Lastly is a Zinc Deficiency same with other issues pale leaves and spotting. A solution is to adjust the pH and make sure you feed with a balanced nutrient. Zinc deficiency is likely to appear when using RO water due to it being stripped from the water during the filtration process.


As with most of the issues pH is a important factor and feeding a well balanced line of nutrients to the plant. Also to prevent over feeding or nutrient burn its important to flush out ever 2 -3 weeks. Make sure your giving the plants good amounts of water without over watering. Humidity should be correct also to prevent issues. Daily care and spotting issues early is important for them to reach maximum potential.