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Ruderalis is a shorter stocky plant that flowers on its own with the right amount of light I have grown many different kinds. It is one of the easiest varieties to grow and is great for beginners. The first thing to remember is it requires a longer light period to grow and mature properly so instead of a 12/12 hour light time it requires at least 18 hours of light a day I recommend 24 hours I know its not efficient to be running the lights all the time but you could use two different lights in the grow space and then have one going 12 and the other covering the other 12 hours and just hook them up to a timer. After 30 days on 18-24 hours of light you can switch back to 12 hours only thing is the yield will be less so its best to leave it at 18-24 hours of light. The Ruderalis will start to flower in about 15-30 days.
When using a soil I recommend a lighter soil so not too much nutrients you should be using half the strength of nutrients and take care in not over fertilizing the Ruderalis and again keep the PH at 6.5 in soil and 5.5-5.8 in hydroponic. Use the same kinds of nutrients you’d use in a Indica or Sativa just at half strength and same with watering.
You shouldn’t have to prune or pinch for the Ruderalis for it to branch out it does this on its own and if you pinch off the grow tip it might cause problems like slowed growth or it will die so I don’t recommend that. They will be ready to harvest anywhere from 65-110 days depending on the type also they can be about 1 -2.5 feet so they are perfect for small growing areas.
When I grow from seed and clones I use CFL (Compact Florescent Light) Bulbs, for my Vegetative area I use mixed spectrum 3,500 Kelvins (bright white) which is a blue & red mixed light. I also sometimes just use 5,000 Kelvins (daylight bulbs) so its all blue spectrum. I recommend at least 50 watts for each plant for vigorous growth then in flowering bump it up to 100 watts per plant or more if you desire. In flowering they like either mixed 3,500 Kelvins (blue/red spectrum) or 2,700 kelvins (warm white) all red light. The red spectrum enhances flower growth and makes the buds bigger. I usually go to the hardware store and buy the CFL bulbs and use a reflector to house the bulb and it works well for me.
You can also use Metal Halide Lamps in Vegetative which is a all blue spectrum its also good and will produce good results. This is known as a High- Intensity discharge lamp (HID). In Flowering switch to High Pressure Sodium Lamp (HPS) to induce flowering and make the buds plumper. Both Metal Halide and High Pressure sodium lamps product a lot of heat due to the Ballast and the bulb. If you turn off your HID Lamp or power goes out always wait about 10 minutes to turn the Lamp back on so the igniter inside the ballast can cool down. HID lamps and Ballasts can be found on EBay.com, Amazon, or your local gardening shop.
Its important to have lots of ventilation going to your HID lamp because they can let off lots of heat, some you can buy ducting fans for and hook it up directly to your HID lamp with a flange to keep the heat off your garden area. I have never done this but I use a clip on fan blowing inside my grow tents, bigger areas may need to have ducting and fans cooling the lamps.
Next Lighting method is a T5 florescent light these are both made in vegetative and flowering spectrum’s they come in many sizes and wattage. I have never used these kind but I know from other growers who used them that they are a good choice for growing Cannabis.
LED lights are also great and lower costing lamps to operate they put off a great amount of light and are worth the cost I currently have a Purple Sun LED from Apollo Grow Lights. I use it in my Flowering tent and it works great. LED lights come in standard LED and COBB LED bulbs I recommend using the regular type because the COBB can burn out quick but are easy to replace.
But the best light to use is the Sun its free and the best to grow your Cannabis I have had a few outdoor grows on my lanai (balcony) the only thing is it only received a short period of light hours because the shade from the building, so I had CFL lamps inside a mini greenhouse to power on during the low light hours and turn off around 7:00pm when the sun was setting. I had some great results from this method. Keep in mind that if you have plants outside and you have a Cannabis Medical card in Hawaii the plants must be hidden! so no one can see them. They need at least 12 hours of full sun per day as well so no dim or shaded areas.
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The amount of hours a plant receives per day will force it into flowering (budding) you can start the light at 18/6 or 24 hours for Cannabis Ruderalis (auto flowering) actually requires this period its whole life span, but regular Cannabis like Indica and Sativa varieties require in its vegetative stage 18/6 hours of light for at least 30 days till its big enough to force flower. Then for it to be forced to flower it requires 12/12 of light and dark period. It will start to flower in about a week. Each strain has a certain amount of weeks or days till it will be ready to harvest. I usually just judge that by 80% of the hairs (pistils) turning darker means its ready.
When growing a plant in vegetative stage a Blue spectrum is best (5,000 Kelvins) while in the flowering stage a Red Spectrum is required for robust flowering (2,000 Kelvins). You can also use a mixed Spectrum (3,500 Kelvins).
When growing Cannabis Ruderalis (auto flowering) you may cut back the light after 30 days down to 12/12 but this may make the yield smaller. It is best to keep it 18 hours of light or more a day. Most Cannabis Ruderalis is usually ready from 55-75 days from seed. Probably a good variety to start with for a novice grower.
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When starting seedlings in soil you should always spray the soil till its moist but not too wet. I would spray them at least 3 times a day depending on your grow area temperatures. As they get older about 6″ you can start watering them with a glass or watering container till it runs off and gets all the roots wet in the growing container, don’t over water because it will cause mildew and molds to form in the growing medium. As they reach adult stage you can water up to 2 cups per plant depending on your container size and room temperature. You can also build a automatic watering system with a water pump, a reservoir, some water line (I use 1/4″ water line) and some micro sprayers and a hydroponic timer for watering you can find all of these things on EBay or a local Garden or Hydroponics supply shop. I will show you how to make one in a later Blog post. I always use Reverse Osmosis water PH to 6.5 when I water plants in soil. Check the run off (draining water) and test it to make sure the PH is 6.5 inside the roots if not adjust to the proper PH. If your PH is not correct it will lock out nutrients the plant needs.
In Hydroponics its basically the same amounts of water make sure you use a big enough Reservoir to accommodate how many plants you have. If you have any questions feel free to post a comment and I will answer. Thank you for reading.
The temperature and humidity your keeping the plants in can make a huge impact on yields and plants growth rate also keeping molds and pests away from your Medicinal plants.
The ideal temperature should be 75°F (23.88°C) and should never be over 90°F (32.22°C) The ideal humidity should be at exactly 50% anything over or under causes pests and molds/mildew in your garden, a air conditioner or fans can keep the temperature and humidity at the proper levels, you will also see a faster growth in your plants if these levels are kept in the right range. Use a Hygrometer to measure the humidity in your grow room or grow area you can buy them from Ebay or a garden supply shop. I have a digital Temperature & Hygrometer I use in my grow tents. I also have a clip on 6″ fan and two 4″ inline duct fans (180 CFM) one blowing air in and the other exhausting air with a filter connected to it to pull out the dust and pathogens to make sure the air is clean inside the grow space use a fan controller to control the air flow of the exhaust fan. Plants have pores just like our skin does if these pores become clogged it can make the plant sick so its really important that you have plenty of air circulation in your grow space to keep your plants at their healthiest. I have my fans hooked up to a timer they are on when it gets too hot and shut off at night when its cooler always give the fans a break so they don’t burn out. I also recommend getting a grow Tent or if your growing indoors having a completely sealed space to keep out mold spores and pests.
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I love Purple Varieties mine would be Purple Ryder or Purple Kush. There is so many!