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Drying & Curing

Preparing the plant for harvest

Because Nutrients and other residues are left inside the growing medium, Always flush out your plants well before harvesting at least for the last 2 weeks. This can be done by using a flushing agent. I used Bushdoctor flush from Foxfarm or flushing them with plain water.


Drying should always be done in a airy circulated, dark and dry area. It takes about seven days for a bud to dry and be ready to transfer to a jar, or paper bag to cure.  First you want to trim your plant of the larger leaves, then trim the buds, the leaves that stick out this could take some time. Use scissors or trimming tool to trim them. I would also use latex gloves to trim the buds so your hands don’t get full of resins the plant material will stick to your hands. After trimming the buds, I then place the trimmed buds inside a dry net. Cut them so they fit and are not stacked on top of each other. Use fans to circulate the drying area and turn the buds every so often. It is important to use fans and protect your buds from mold, mildew and dust. You can also hang the buds up in a row on a line and allow them to dry. The ideal temperature should be 65-75 degrees ☼ and the humidity should be 45-55 percent % in a dark area. Drying time 6-10 days after they are dry start the curing process.

It is important that you dry them in a dark or very dimly lit area, any lights can degrade the THC in the buds. I have seen people make boxes out of cardboard and put a rope or twine inside and hang the buds on that while running fans under to keep them well circulated. It takes about 6-10 days to dry the buds and the stems will snap when you bend them that is how you know the buds are well dried.  Don’t use microwaves, heaters or ovens to dry your buds this will ruin and degrade your buds best way is to dry slowly. Any temperature over 180 degrees will degrade the quality.

Curing your dried Cannabis

The curing process takes about a month or longer. When curing you can put them in mason jars every few hours open and shake the buds and close the jar it will take about a month to fully cure the buds. You can also put them in paper bags. Open every day and shake the buds around to prevent mold this is really important even after you have dried them they could still have some moisture. 1-3 months is recommended for the cure, although you can smoke them right after they are dried its much stronger and better after the cure. This all is a lot of work and patience but the end result is well worth the wait. Enjoy!

Organic Pest Control

Pesticides may be in some of the Cannabis we smoke. I currently don’t use pesticides in my garden unless I need to and I try to only use Organic types. There are some organic ways to keep pests out of the garden area and our plants.

First is Neem oil used in Cannabis growing good for most pests and mold. Directions for use should be on the product label. This tends to stick around in the plant for a bit so I recommend to not use for 1 month up until harvest. Should be used every three days, that is when bugs lay their eggs every 3 days.

Mild Organic non degreeser type Soap is also another useful pest control. Put about 1/4 – 1 tablespoon into a spray bottle liter of water spray the undersides of plants.

Coffee grinds around your garden if its outside will keep ants away. I once had a Greenhouse I built using a wooden frame and clear thick plastic that you can get from a hardware store, I stapled the clear plastic to the outside. The floor was a pallet type base with planks across the top with spaces for drain holes. The plant containers sat on top of this and I also mounted fans and lights in the top of the Greenhouse and because the area only got 5-6 hour of light a day the lights came on around noon to provide extra light. Even though I had this set up three floors up outside on the balcony, ants somehow still got inside the plants and decided to lay eggs. Well I used coffee grinds around the area and they eventually went away.

AzaMax  (Azadirachtin) contains 1.2% is another product I use for mites and most pests. It controls pests through starvation and growth disruption.

Foliar: Mix 1 to 2 oz. per gallon of water depending on pest levels. Spray at an interval of 7-10 days or as the situation warrants.

Soil Drench: Mix 1/2 to 1 oz. per gallon of water and apply every 10-14 days. With high insect pressure, make applications every 5-6 days.


Spider Mites

Spider Mites are a common problem when growing Cannabis it usually occurs with outdoor grows more then indoor. It will look like little spots on top white or yellow and the mites hide underneath the leaves, so you will have to look out for that. They can be seen with a Jewelers loop or Magnifying glass. You can use a few different products on the Spider Mites or also make a spray with a mild soap the kind without a degreaser about 2 teaspoons per 1 liter spray bottle and spray that on the entire plant. I use Neem Oil on mine and spray the undersides of the leaves ever 3 days because the bugs will lay eggs every 3 days. So spray with either of those every 3 days. You can get Neem oil its inexpensive from a garden shop or order it on Ebay or Amazon. It is a organic product but I wouldn’t use it in flowering stages and if you need to don’t use it for a month up until harvest time. So if you spray it, allow it to flush out for a month before harvesting and I’d also cover up the Soil with plastic baggies while spraying so it doesn’t soak up the soil too much. Neem Oil will work for a number of pests. They also have Mite washes you can get for them. This should solve the Spider mite issue Since I was asked about this a few times. Thank you for reading and Happy Growing!

How To Make Plants Purple Faster

I have grown a few purple strains before not all will come out purple but there is some things you can try to make them go purple. In the last month of flowering they will start to purple, to rush this along you could put your air conditioner on under 69 degrees make it cold in the grow space and also make the water cold. There is also nutrients you can get to enhance the color its Purple Maxx Snow Storm from Humboldt County Nutrients. I haven’t tried the nutrients yet but I’ve seen them get good reviews.

2013 Grow  Joint Doctor –  Purple Ryder



I think its good to try and do this to see what the end result is and for you to learn its also fun to make your own strain. I have crossed many plants to get seeds mostly just experimenting sometimes by accident, sometimes a female plant would grow a pollen sac and pollinate my other female plants, or a male would throw pollen before I could pull it out.

  • So first you should already know what a female plant and male plant look like, the females with have the Pistil (hairs) and the male will have the pollen sack or flower. If you ever notice that you have a male its best to pull it out of the garden far away from the female plants. Pollen travels far and if your plants aren’t separated the females will become pollinated and will be using most of their energy to grow seeds instead of making buds and resins.
  • Once you separate them get a thin garbage bag the type that will cover the entire plant this is how I do it so you can just pollinate one branch or if you have a tent stick out a branch and seal the tent around that branch to prevent the pollen from spreading to other parts of the plant.
  • Take the male plants pollen by shaking off the plants pollen sack you can collect it on paper or with a small bag. Then pollinate that branch with the pollen you collected from the male allow the excess pollen to be fully shaken off the branch you pollinated before opening the bag or tent and putting the female plant back in the tent. Make sure that the pollen isn’t going to be around the other plants that you don’t want to have seeds. Pollen can last in the refrigerator for about three months. You can collect the pollen and then destroy the male plant.

It will take approximately three weeks for the female to finish making the seeds from the time you pollinate her. The reason why I only pollinate one branch is because it should have plenty of pistils on that one branch to get you a nice amount of seeds. You should also know that a plant can have both female and male pollen sacks there and are called hermaphrodite plants and should not be used to pollinate the other females because they are both chromosomes X (female) & Y (male) it will most likely reproduce the same in the next generation. But if your female plant spits out a male pollen sack say one or two, this is usually from a disruption in the light period meaning there is a leak and light comes into your grow area during the dark periods. So what happens is it causes a hormonal imbalance and will make the females produce male pollen sacks. Since the plant is mostly female the pollen it produces will make feminized seeds if breed with a all female plant. So keep that in mind if you are looking to make all feminized seeds.

This is my methods and I hope you enjoyed reading. Thank you

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Cloning is great to do if you want to preserve a certain female strain or if your short on seeds. Before you clone always use sterile tools and a sterile cloning tray to hold the clones. Wash everything and the area the clones will be rooting in. Cloning is prone to fungus, mold and pests so pick a strain that is resistant to those issues. As you know only clone female plants because they are the ones that flower. Cloning will also save you a few weeks time because once they root they will already be at a good height.

Tools you will need:

  • Sterile Razor blade (flamed)
  • Rockwool Starter Cubes
  • Cloning Gel
  • Powder fungicide (RoottoneF)
  • Clone tray and clear dome
  • Mist Bottle

First you want to make sure the female plant you pick to clone has been growing for awhile so it will easily regenerate for you. I usually don’t clone a plant till its been in vegetative for at least 30-50 days. You will want to soak your Rockwool Cubes in a 5.5 reverse osmosis water.  Pick a branch with a few nodes (The part of a plant stem from which one or more leaves emerge, often forming a slight swelling or knob.) and using a clean sterilized blade cut the branch at a 45 degree angle and trim the top leaves the tips and pull off bottom leaves. Put the clone in distilled water with a light nutrients mix, then cut again a small amount off the bottom where you made the cut while its in the water solution. Dip the clone in cloning gel and push into a Rockwool cube until the stem is in about 1/2 inch. Spray the clone dome inside and put Clones inside the Clone Tray. Cover with the dome and keep the humidity at 70-80% and the temperature at 75-80 degrees you can keep track of the humidity with a Digital Hygrometer. Dust the base of them with some Roottonef and keep them under a medium light for 24 hours. Spray only inside the dome every few hours and allow the clones to air out for a minute or two then put the dome cover back on. Some types will root quicker while others take longer just depends on the strain. Roots should appear in about 2 weeks. Allow the Mother plant that you cloned from to regenerate for at least 2 months before cloning again and keep in 18-24 hours light.

You can also use a Aeroponic Clone Machine and push the clones you cut in so the stem will get aeration and nutrients I never done it this way but it may be easier if you have a large number of clones. They sell the machines at hydroponic shops or ebay.




Nutrients & Deficiencies

In a previous blog post I wrote about feeding Cannabis, sometimes even when you follow directions problems may arise with yours plants. This allows you to spot the issue and fix it.

A usual issue is yellowing of the leaves occurs in lower leaves this is a Nitrogen deficiency. They will turn soft, curl in or crinkle and eventually turn brown. When the plant doesn’t get enough nitrogen it will pull it from the lower leaves, causing them to yellow and die. It should only be the lower leaves if its the upper new growth that’s normal.

Nitrogen moves through out the plant as needed, when it is low leaves use it up in other parts of the plant that require it the most like new growth. The plant will push the nitrogen to these parts to help them with photosynthesis and keeping it green. It is normal for the plant to start yellowing in late flowering cycle. If it yellows in vegetative then you have a issue.

Solution: Feed the plant with a good nitrogen nutrient and adjust pH.  I recommend any complete nutrient should help. I use General Organics or Bat Guano for soil and for hydroponic I use General Hydroponics FloraGro or Advanced Nutrients pH Perfect. Also be sure to not over feed with Nitrogen because you will get toxicity and that shows when the leaves are very dark.

Issue: Edges appear brown or burnt, Pale, Brown spots, yellow spots, Dark or purple leaves, slow growth.


This is a Boron deficiency usually occurs in a dry environment or under watered. First sign will be thick grow tip or growth twisting or abnormal. yellow or brown spots will show and root growth will be slow.

Solution: Use a balanced nutrient and make sure your feeding regularly and that its not too dry in the growing room. Make sure your pH is adjusted correctly since Boron is used by the plant at a lower pH so when it rises the Boron isn’t available to the plant. Use a Hygrometer to test the humidity in the air if its too dry you may get a Boron deficiency.

Issue: Spotting/ mottling, dead spots, crinkling, stunned growth, curled tips, small or poorly formed new leaves, leaf die off, weak stems, weak or unhealthy roots.

This is a Calcium deficiency will show up in parts of the fan leaves that have been exposed to light or the newer growth.

Solution: Make sure your pH is correct after the calcium issue is corrected the damaged leaves will not return to normal but the new growth will show the correction. Cannabis plants usually can handle a high calcium add General organics Cal-Mg or Botanicare Cal-Mag Plus. You can also use Dolomite Lime it can be mixed into your soil add 6-7 teaspoons to one gallon of soil. You can also add crushed egg shells for another organic alternative.

Issue: Tips of leaves turn bright yellow or white, leaves turn dark with blue or yellow undertones, shiny or metallic sheen on leaves, Buds don’t ripen or mature very slowly, leaves feel stiff and bent under, wilting or drooping.

This is a Copper deficiency its usually from a pH issue so make sure that is correct and use the right nutrients and is also when the grower uses RO (Reverse Osmosis) water because that filtering process strips out some Copper. It also will happen if a plant is being over watered.

Solution: Don’t over water your plant and make sure the pH is at the right level. Use quality soil and nutrients made for Cannabis.

Issue: Newest leaves turn completely yellow and white. Usually shows in the center and outward on the leaves. Pale colored leaves, Slow growth, Buds not maturing.

This is usually a Iron Deficiency a solution:  Make sure your pH is correct feed with a nutrient containing iron, calcium, and magnesium.

Issue: Light green or yellow will show on the veins or edges of the leaves they may also be crisp to the touch. It usually appears on the lower part of the plant because the plant will pull Magnesium from the lower leaves.

This is Magnesium Deficiency and a solution: It can be treated by feeding a Magnesium supplement like Cal- Mg as mentioned above. Also again keeping the pH in check is a big importance.

Issue: Leaves turn yellow between vein areas and have brown mottled spots. The brown spots eventually spread and kill the leaf they may also shred and crumble apart. The yellowing will begin at the base of the leaf and move outward, overall plant growth is slow.

This is a Manganese deficiency  and a solution is to flush out the medium using pH’d water and a light nutrient that contains Manganese will correct this.

Issue: Pale and yellow leaves, brown an dark spots, Pink coloring and yellow, red around edges of leaves.

This is rare but it is molybdenum deficiency and a solution is to completely flush the plant and then add a nutrient that includes molybdenum and make sure the pH is set.

Issue: Edges appear brown on tips or dark leaves, dark patches on leaves, leaves will turn under and crack off.

This is Nutrient Burn and a solution is to completely flush the medium out with pH’d water use a flushing solution like Foxfarm sledgehammer Bushdoctor or flush with plain water.

Issue: Yellowing appears starting at tips of leaves and works inward then leaves will turn grey or brown and die off. They will also curl down and the stems will turn bright red or purplish.

This is Phosphorus deficiency a solution is to feed with a high phosphorus nutrient and adjust the pH Phosphorus is best absorbed by cannabis in soil at a root pH of 6.2 – 7.0. Phosphorus is best absorbed by cannabis in hydro at a root pH of 5.5 – 6.2. too wet or compact soil can trigger Phosphorus deficiency. Too low temperatures under 60 degrees Fahrenheit can also trigger it. Good sources of Phosphorus are: Bat Guano, Bone or Blood meal, Worm Castings or Worm tea, Fish meal, Bloom or Flowering nutrients. Make sure you make the Bat Guano and Bone/Blood Meal into a tea before applying it to the plant.

Issue: Leaves appear burnt or brown on edges and show yellowing or paleness, veins of leaves stay green, Brown or dark spots, Lower leaves affected.

This is a Potassium Deficiency a solution is again to flush the medium and feed with a potassium nutrient. Its also due to stressful conditions like heat, over watering, transplanting. Make sure the pH is correct when feeding and watering to assure proper uptake of nutrients.

Issue: Pale colored leaves, yellow leaves in new and old growth, yellowing between veins, red or pink color on stems, Buds not maturing properly.

This is Sulfur Deficiency and a solution is to check your pH to make sure sulfur isn’t being locked out.

Lastly is a Zinc Deficiency same with other issues pale leaves and spotting. A solution is to adjust the pH and make sure you feed with a balanced nutrient. Zinc deficiency is likely to appear when using RO water due to it being stripped from the water during the filtration process.

As with most of the issues pH is a important factor and feeding a well balanced line of nutrients to the plant. Also to prevent over feeding or nutrient burn its important to flush out ever 2 -3 weeks. Make sure your giving the plants good amounts of water without over watering. Humidity should be correct also to prevent issues. Daily care and spotting issues early is important for them to reach maximum potential.

Feeding Cannabis

When growing Cannabis it is important to feed it properly.
In vegetative it gets different types and amounts of nutrients then when in flowering. PH is also a important factor when giving nutrients because it will allow the plant to take up the nutrients properly when the PH is adjusted. NPK is the three main nutrients the plant will need during the growing cycle. These fit in the category macro nutrients.

Nitrogen (N) – Helps plants make the proteins they need to grow more tissue

Phosphorus (P) – Helps root growth and helps the plant bloom and flower. It improves plant strength also helps seeds grow bigger.

Potassium (K) – Helps all the functions of the plant to produce correctly.

When looking at a fertilizers content the three numbers show the amount inside the fertilizer so 10-10-10 is a even amount of all three nutrients. Each number is a percentage of what is in the nutrient mix so 10-20-10 would be 10% Nitrogen, 20% Phosphorus, and 10% Potassium. When Cannabis is in the vegetative stage it requires more nitrogen to form more leaves and grow quicker. While in Flowering (budding) stage it requires more Phosphorus.

Other nutrients are also required for better results some are below.

Calcium (Ca) –  Helps with heat stress and also the structure of the plant and leaves. Calcium deficiency will show in the leaves they will be dull in color starting on the ends also will show as brown spots or yellow. It usually appears in the fan leaves that are under the lights or it will show on new growth. Dolomite Lime  is a great calcium magnesium supplement add 6-7 teaspoons of fine dolomite lime to each gallon of soil. I also use CaMg+ from General Organics when I feed Calcium. Other signs of Calcium Deficiency are Crinkling, Spotting, mottling, small brown spots, small or stunned new leaves, curled tips, leafs die – off, dead spots, weak or brittle stems, Slow bud or leaf development. You can also get calcium from finely crushed egg shells.

Magnesium (Mg) – Is needed for photosynthesis its a part of the chlorophyll in all plants and helps activate the plants enzymes needed for growth.

Sulfur (S) – Has many uses in the plants growth one is that its essential for the production of proteins. It also improves root growth and seed production. Aids in the formation of chlorophyll and faster plant growth. helps protect plant in cold temperatures.

Next are the micro nutrients:

Boron (B) – Helps in the use and regulates nutrients also aids in the production of sugars and carbohydrates, aids in seed and fruit development.

Copper (Cu) – Helps in the utilization of proteins and aids in root metabolism. 

Chloride (Cl) – Aids in plant metabolism.

Iron (Fe) – Helps with formation of chlorophyll.

Manganese (Mn) – Involved in the aid of break down of carbohydrates and nitrogen metabolism.

Molybdenum (Mo) – Helps with the use of nitrogen.

Zinc (Zn) – Essential in the transformation of carbohydrates, regulates consumption of sugars part of the enzyme system that regulates the plants growth.

If a plant receives all the required nutrients it will produce better results and yield its important to not over feed but to give the plant what it needs in weekly doses and to also flush out excess built up nutrients every 2-3 weeks. All nutrients have a feeding schedule usually the manufacturer will have a feeding schedule that shows how much and when to use the nutrients. Read the label and follow how much it tells you to use per feeding each brand is different. Ruderalis Cannabis usually is half the recommended dose so be sure to only use half strength for the Dwarf auto flowering varieties. Keep your PH levels 6.5 for soil and ideally 5.7 for hydroponics but they can handle a range of 5.6-6.2 so be sure to measure that before you feed the plants so they can uptake all the nutrients. If you have any questions feel free to contact me thank you for reading hope you enjoy my blog.

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Cropping & LST

When growing in smaller areas like tents, its a good choice to crop or train your plant with LST to grow its maximum in the small space. Also if you want to max the yield getting more buds instead of a main branch.

I’m going to explain a easy way to do this now you want to wait at least till they are 6″ – 8″ in height is when I usually crop them. Your going to pinch off the grow tip just the top leaves that are growing out. In a few days it will regenerate and two new shoots will emerge. Do this again after they grow out some, soon you will have a branched out plant.

Once you have all the branches grown out you can train it to fill up and net by attaching the net (Trellis) https://www.hydrofarm.com/p/BCPSH16  https://www.hydrofarm.com/p/HGN15  https://www.hydrofarm.com/p/LHN010 to your tent poles a easy way is to use plastic zip ties. Once you have the net in place carefully push the branches through the holes in the net to fill up all the space. This will allow maximum light to reach all the buds on your branched out plants

You can also use garden ties https://www.hydrofarm.com/p/HGST to train your branches to spread out the way you’d like simply secure the wire around the main branch twist it around and up the branch and shape it the way you want it to go. If you need the branch to be pushed down use fish line and fishing weights and attach that to the branches to weight them down be careful to not break the branches although Cannabis stems are fairly strong, they may break if too much pressure is applied. I also sometimes use plastic zip ties to support the branches and spread them out so all are receiving a good amount of light.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thank you for reading and enjoy your gardening!

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